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    黑科技,NASA成功唤醒停用37年的星际探测器旅行者1号

    2017-12-04 09:28:00 来源: 新浪
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    测绘网讯 1977年,美国发射了第一艘系外空间探测器Voyager 1(旅行者1号),它曾到访过木星及土星。1980年的时候,它停止服役,然后绕行在太阳系最最边缘,也就是太阳影响范围与星际介质之间,距地约130亿英里。不过,NASA近日宣布,成功唤醒了这颗已经停用37年的探测器,算下来,它的服役时间达到了40年。

    在这37年中,旅行者1号一直使用一组“姿态控制推进器”来微调自身姿态,使其天线总是对准地球保证通讯。但自2014年以来,该设备的退化现象加剧。经过讨论之后,NASA于11月28日唤醒了4个备份的轨道校正推进器,没想到效果十分完美。因为距离很远,这个操作从启动到最终完成用时超过了19个小时,对于结果,NASA的资深专家们也感到“不可思议”同时又很兴奋。

    据悉,尝到甜头之后,NASA计划对旅行者2号做类似测试。(测绘网 小会)

    相关报道:

    This file artist's concept released June 19, 2012 by NASA/JPL-Caltech shows Voyager 1 and Voyager 2 at the edge of the solar system. Never before has a human-built spacecraft traveled so far. (Xinhua/AFP Photo)

    WASHINGTON, Dec. 1 (Xinhua) -- U.S. space agency NASA said Friday that a set of thrusters aboard the Voyager 1 spacecraft, the only human-made object in interstellar space, have been successfully fired up after 37 years without use.

    The spacecraft has been using small devices called "attitude control thrusters" to orient itself so it can communicate with Earth, but the thrusters have been degrading since 2014, according to NASA.

    The Voyager team assembled a group of propulsion experts to study the problem and eventually agreed on an unusual solution that will try giving the job of orientation to a set of four backup thrusters dormant since 1980.

    On Tuesday, Voyager engineers sent a command to fire the four "trajectory correction maneuver (TCM)" thrusters and it took 19 hours and 35 minutes for the test results to reach an antenna in Goldstone, California.

    On Wednesday, the engineers "learned the TCM thrusters worked perfectly -- and just as well as the attitude control thrusters," said NASA.

    The plan going forward is to switch to the TCM thrusters in January, it said.

    "With these thrusters that are still functional after 37 years without use, we will be able to extend the life of the Voyager 1 spacecraft by two to three years," said Suzanne Dodd, project manager for Voyager at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.

    NASA added it will likely do a similar test on the TCM thrusters for Voyager 2, the twin spacecraft of Voyager 1.

    Voyager 2 is also on course to enter interstellar space, likely within the next few years, and currently, its attitude control thrusters are still functioning well.

    Voyager 1 and Voyager 2 were launched 16 days apart in 1977. Voyager 1 reached interstellar space, which NASA described as "the environment between the stars," in 2012.

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